Egypt Beds, stools, throne chairs, and boxes were the chief forms of furniture in ancient Egypt. Although only a few important examples of actual furniture survive, stone carvings, fresco paintings, and models made as funerary offerings present rich documentary evidence. The bed may have been the earliest form; it was constructed of wood and consisted of a simple framework supported on four legs. A flax cord, plaited, was lashed to the sides of the framework. The cords were woven together from opposite sides of the framework to form a springy surface for the sleeper. In the 18th dynasty c. The great beds found in the tomb of Tutankhamen were put together with bronze hooks and staples so that they could be dismantled or folded to facilitate storage and transportation; furniture existed in small quantities and when the pharaohs toured their lands, they took their beds with them. In the same tomb was a folding wooden bed with bronze hinges. Instead of pillows, wooden or ivory headrests were used. These were so essentially individual, being made to the measure of the owner, that they were often placed in tombs to be used by the dead man on his arrival in the land of eternity.
Motor Vehicles, Furniture, Tools, Electrical, Collectables
See Article History Alternative Title: Furniture ranges widely from the simple pine chest or stick-back country chair to the most elaborate marquetry work cabinet or gilded console table. The functional and decorative aspects of furniture have been emphasized more or less throughout history according to economics and fashion. Chairs are always for sitting in, but some are more comfortable or highly ornamented than others.
Accessory furnishings are smaller subsidiary items such as clocks, mirrors, tapestries, fireplaces, panelling , and other items complementary to an interior scheme.
Douglas M. Hayes became a director of Reliance in September From to his retirement in February , he was managing director of investment banking at Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette Securities Corporation, which was the underwriter in our initial public offering in , and an underwriter in our public equity offering.
All have single-graded cuts which were probably produced by use of a chisel and then hardened using powdered antler or horn, a practice described by Theophilus. Other Types of Tools There are a few types of tools for which we do not have surviving examples in the archaeological record. However, workshop debris and literary references provide additional clues. Pole Lathe Diagram of a Pole Lathe We know that the Viking Age woodcrafter had access to a medieval type of “power tool” which is known today as a pole lathe.
A pole lathe is a simple wood turning lathe which is itself made of wood. The tool is powered by the springiness of the “pole” or green limb, and the action of a person’s foot on the treadle. The motive power is a foot, with a return spring the pole to counter rotate the work. The piece of material is placed between two metal points, with one end of the lathe being adjustable. The cord is wrapped around the work in such a way as to make the work rotate towards the user when the treadle is pressed down.
The tool, a chisel, is rested on the tool rest, with the point near the work. As the treadle is pressed down, the cutting edge is pushed against the work. As the treadle is released, and the pole rises, the work rotates in the opposite direction, and the chisel is pulled back away from the work.
Charitable Donations of House Building Materials
Will earned his J. He brings a wealth of experience in the metals industry, mergers and acquisitions, corporate finance, and equity portfolio management to this new role. McEvoy currently serves as an investment advisor to Brasil Warrant LLC, a Brazilian group whose main operating businesses are in asset management, banking, and mining.
McEvoy retired from Goldman Sachs in April after nine years with the firm. McEvoy was a portfolio manager focused on the materials and industrials sectors. From to , Mr.
English legal history. In the English legal system, any owner of a genuine heirloom could dispose of it during his lifetime, but he could not bequeath it by will away from the estate. If the owner died intestate, it went to his heir-at-law, and if he devised the estate it went to the devisee. The word subsequently acquired a secondary meaning, applied to furniture, pictures, etc., vested in.
The original, dating to , is on display at the Governor’s Palace. This Rococo style clock features the finest hand made works with a time and strike eight-day movement. The dial features a silvered brass chapter ring with etched and filled hour and minute numerals. There are Rococo spandrels in the corners. Made of mahogany, this clock has the distinctive mellow patina of Kittinger’s Heirloom Finish with brass finials accenting the corners and graceful pediment hood.
The original clock was crafted by the renowned Philadelphia clockmaker, Thomas Voight. Dated to , this reproduction clock was created for Franklin Heirloom Furniture by the Colonial Clock Company of Zeeland, Michigan as part of its Bi-Centennial Commemorative Collection and beautifully recreates the distinctive characteristics of what is considered one of the finer clocks of the period. Made of a solid walnut case with beautifully grained crotch mahogany inlays, the body has exceptional fluted quarter columns with urns and a scalloped base.
The hood has free standing reeded columns and is topped by a scrolled, broken serpentine pediment top with carved rosettes and a central finial. The wonderfully decorated face has medallions in gilt and black, articulated cut hands and includes an individual sweep second hand. This clock has a time and strike movement, striking on the quarter hour and Westminster chimes on the hour.
Egypt Beds, stools, throne chairs, and boxes were the chief forms of furniture in ancient Egypt. Although only a few important examples of actual furniture survive, stone carvings, fresco paintings, and models made as funerary offerings present rich documentary evidence. The bed may have been the earliest form; it was constructed of wood and consisted of a simple framework supported on four legs.
One of the main reasons why I don’t want a cat (besides being allergic, which is a pretty big reason) is the ugly furniture cats require. I’d rather not invade my apartment with fragrant litter boxes, tan carpeted climbing posts and whatever else cats need so stay content with their.
The practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation. The site dates from — BC and due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build with stone, a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household.
Each house shows a high degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, and limpet tanks. The stone dresser was regarded as the most important as it symbolically faces the entrance in each house and is therefore the first item seen when entering, perhaps displaying symbolic objects, including decorative artwork such as several Neolithic Carved Stone Balls also found at the site.
Pieces found here include tables and inlaid serving stands. There are also surviving works from the 9th-8th-century BC Assyrian palace of Nimrud. The earliest surviving carpet, the Pazyryk Carpet was discovered in a frozen tomb in Siberia and has been dated between the 6th and 3rd century BC. Ancient Egypt[ edit ] Civilisation in ancient Egypt began with the clearance and irrigation of land along the banks of the River Nile ,  which began in about BC.
By that time, society in the Nile Valley was already engaged in organized agriculture and the construction of large buildings. Mortar was in use by around BC. The inhabitants of the Nile Valley and delta were self-sufficient and were raising barley and emmer an early variety of wheat and stored it in pits lined with reed mats. The use of scarf joints to join two shorter pieces together and form a longer beam was one example of this,  as well as construction of veneers in which low quality cheap wood was used as the main building material, with a thin layer of expensive wood on the surface.
In the last few centuries Rome gradually superseded Greece as the foremost culture of Europe, leading eventually to Greece becoming a province of Rome in BC. Florentine cassone from the 15th century In contrast to the ancient civilisations of Egypt, Greece, and Rome, we have comparatively little evidence of furniture from the 5th to the 15th century.
The stylistic techniques used to date formal furniture such as Chippendale and Hepplewhite simply does not work for American country and primitive furniture. Country furniture does have its styles based predominately on religion and region. The catholic French and the Irish built cupboards with bold moldings, cut out feet, raised panels and they painted their cupboards in bright colors. The puritan New England cabinetmakers built simple unadorned cupboards painted in drab colors.
Resource No. 4 Elmira Stoveworks. Whether you’re looking for the warmth and elegance of the nineteenth century, or the fun, funky look of the “Fab Fifties”, Elmira has vintage-styled appliances to suit your tastes, décor and cooking style.
A History of Liberty Furniture by Barbara Morris There is a considerable variety in the furniture and styles of interior decoration produced by Liberty’s between and The catalogue of oriental goods, Eastern Art Manufactures and Decorative Objects, published in , included a section labeled ‘Department D’, with carved wooden pieces from China and Japan, together with cane chairs, stools and wastepaper baskets from North Africa. Apart from these imported foods, small items of bamboo furniture such as overmantels and shelves are described as ‘Anglo-Oriental’.
The catalogue also offered to have ‘Special designs made to order drawings post free’. This Anglo-Oriental furniture was made by a French craftsman, Monsieur Ursin Fortier, originally – a basket maker, who had premises in Soho. Liberty’s placed their first order with M. Fortier in and he continued to work exclusively for Liberty’s throughout the ‘s, supplying a variety bamboo furniture including chairs and tables, cabinets and writing desks inset with panels of Japanese lacquer, leather paper or ‘old fold’ matting, and smaller items such as hanging shelves, easels and cakestands.
Liberty are evidently educating their Oriental producers as to the wants of our market and the result is that an English home can he almost entirely furnished with Eastern goods’.
Door in Kashan , Iran The earliest in records are those represented in the paintings of the Egyptian tombs, in which they are shown as single or double doors, each in a single piece of wood. Doors were once believed to be the literal doorway to the afterlife, and some doors leading to important places included designs of the afterlife. In Egypt, where the climate is intensely dry, there would be no fear of their warping, but in other countries it would be necessary to frame them, which according to Vitruvius iv.
The stiles were the vertical boards, one of which, tenoned or hinged , is known as the hanging stile, the other as the middle or meeting stile. The horizontal cross pieces are the top rail, bottom rail, and middle or intermediate rails. The most ancient doors were made of timber, such as those referred to in the Biblical depiction of King Solomon’s temple being in olive wood I Kings vi.
Furniture Research. Mark Golding and Paul Shutler have worked to create these pages for use by those interested in the development of furniture design and manufacture in the .
Box of Hymn Numbers 7 Minimum of 2 of each. These can be upcycled into, in no particular order, ashtrays, potpourri holders, pen holders, soap dishes, spice containers, tea light holders, etc etc. These are particularly nice and clean ones with decoration to the cast iron and fixing points so that they could be hung on a wall, above a sink, or wherever. This is the last one we have from this church.
Quite heavy, ideal for hallway. Each seat has an open carved friezework as the back, capped off with a slab of oak with attractive grain. Leamington Spa this is a striking and unusual piece of furniture, the velvet upholstery is a bit…. Tired, but the structure underneath is sound. There is also a matching twin to this chair but the upholstery on that chair has completely gone.
Furniture – Tables ; Dining, Console, Centre, etc
The practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation. The site dates from — BC and due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build with stone, a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household. Each house shows a high degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, and limpet tanks.
Explore oak furniture and other rare antique furniture for sale from top dealers at Online Galleries, the UK’s number one source of antiques.
D65 19th century Pennslyvania hanging Cupboard in original dry red paint, with four window lite door which is fully mmortised and pegged, applied step molding circa D67 19th century Document Box with the original blue paint with the letter WSM on the top. American Trencher in original robin egg blue paint, nice wear, Rare to find an authentic early trencher. Wonderful hand plane marks throughout old age crack and repair D64 Shoe Repair Trade Sign all wood , with original paint, made for a shoe repair shop which can be hung.
D68 Beautiful 19th century dovetailed document trunk featuring the best original dry blue paint. Tyler Crisfield, MD Wonderful Tyler hand chopped Goose decoy in old if not the original paint, slightly turned head. The Desk is in the original dry red painted surface. The wood is white pine. Maine Paint Decorated Dome Top Box, old worn surface, with mustard and brown painted swirl and grained decoration D49 Early 19th century , Virginia Chesterfield County two board top hepplewhite multi purpossce Table, in the original green painted surface, Circa Sold!
C 19th century twelve drawer apothecary chest circa with dovetailed case and drawers. B 19th century antique treen butter paddle with a desirable folk art hand painted cabin with man in boat landscape scene in muted colors. D15 19th century antique treen butter paddle with a desirable folk art hand painted cabin and trees RM Carroll “Wally” Algard , Charlestown, Maryland canvasback from the first quarter of the last century with attentive head Sold!
D47 Early 19th century peg-rack used for drying herbs or hanging textiles. It has a chamfered edge on two sides with hand carved pegs mortised through the backboard. D54 Moustache turned shaving mug and britstle shaving cream brush
Home accessories Household goods Specific needs and limitations vary from store to store, and many outlets may accept donations outside the listed categories. Visit the ReStores page on the Habitat website to find a store in your area and match your donation to their needs. Many ReStore outlets also offer free pickup of large items.
IKEA Home furnishings, kitchens, appliances, sofas, beds, mattresses.
Wood Wood is the material most often used for making furniture. Although there are over a hundred different kinds that can be used for furniture, some woods have natural properties that make them superior to the others. A relatively cheap material, wood lends itself to various kinds of treatment; for example, it can be stained, painted, gilded, and glued. It can be shaped by means of hand- or power-operated cutting and drilling tools. Heated, it can be bent to a certain extent into a predetermined shape and thereafter will retain the shape.
The grain in wood creates a structure with varying character, which in itself provides a natural ornamental surface, in which patterns can be formed by means of precalculated juxtapositions.
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Explore antique furniture and other rare art & antiques for sale from top dealers at Online Galleries, the UK’s number one source of antiques.